Stem Cell Tooth Regeneration

Stem-Cell Dental Implants Grow New Teeth Right In Your Mouth

According to a study published in the latest Journal of Dental Research, a new tissue regeneration technique may allow people to simply regrow a new set of pearly whites. 

Stem cell first - tooth regeneration

The technique uses a three-dimensional scaffold infused with growth factor that attracts and stimulates stem cells to regenerate missing teeth in as little as nine weeks.

"An animal-model study has shown that by homing stem cells to a scaffold made of natural materials and integrated in surrounding tissue, there is no need to use harvested stem cell lines, or create an environment outside of the body (e.g., a Petri dish) where the tooth is grown and then implanted once it has matured. The tooth instead can be grown "orthotopically," or in the socket where the tooth will integrate with surrounding tissue in ways that are impossible with hard metals or other materials."

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Body’s Own Stem Cells Can Lead to Tooth Regeneration

Work at Columbia University College of Dental Medicine Holds Promise for a Biological Substitute for Dental Implants, According to Latest Journal of Dental Research

Jeremy Mao, D.D.S., Ph.D.
"These findings represent the first report of regeneration of anatomically shaped tooth-like structures in vivo, and by cell homing without cell delivery,” Dr. Mao and his colleagues say in the paper. "The potency of cell homing is substantiated not only by cell recruitment into scaffold microchannels, but also by the regeneration of periodontal ligaments and newly formed alveolar bone."


“A key consideration in tooth regeneration is finding a cost-effective approach that can translate into therapies for patients who cannot afford or who aren’t good candidates for dental implants,” Dr. Mao says. “Cell-homing-based tooth regeneration may provide a tangible pathway toward clinical translation.”

tissue engineering lab

What are stem cells?

Stem cells have two essential properties (Alhadlaq and Mao, 2004; Mao, 2005; Marion and Mao, 2006):
  1. Stem cells replicate multiple generations into offspring cells which in turn can replicate;
  2. A single population of stem cells can differentiate into multiple tissue-forming cells. For example mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes and adipocytes that form bone, cartilage and fat respectively.

    How are stem cells tracked?

    Stem cells can be tracked with organic dyes, GFP-infected virii and nanoparticles.

Stem-Cell Dental Implants Grow New Teeth Right In Your Mouth | Popular Science
Stem cell first - tooth regeneration
Columbia University Medical Center Press Release
Columbia University College of Dental Medicine

Body’s Own Stem Cells Used To Grow Teeth in Mouth | Singularity Hub
Technique yields potential biological substitute for dental implants
Study Published in Journal of Dental Research: Body’s Own Stem Cells Leads to Tooth Regeneration | EON: Enhanced Online News
Anatomically Shaped Tooth and Periodontal Regenera... [J Dent Res. 2010] - PubMed result
Teeth from scratch
Stem cell treatments - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia